The treatment option for women with tumor include medical regiments, surgery and uterine artery embolization (UAE).There are several surgical for uterine tumor such as Myomectomy, hysterectomy, endometrial ablation and Mylosis.
Myomectomy is a surgical procedure that removes visible tumor from the uterine wall. Myomectomy, like UAE, leaves the uterus in place. Myomectomy is the preferred tumor treatment for women who want to become pregnant. After this treatment, your chance to of pregnancy may be improved but are not guaranteed. There are several ways to perform myomectomy, including hysteroscopic myomectomy, laparoscopic myomectomy and abdominal myomectomy.
Surgical methods for myomectomy include:
- Hysteroscopic myomectomy
It involves inserting a lighted viewing instrument through the vagina and into the uterus.
- Laparoscopic myomectomy
It uses a lighted viewing instrument and one or more small cuts (incisions) in the abdomen.
- Abdominal myomectomy
It uses a larger incision in the abdomen.
Endometrial ablation is the surgical destruction of the lining tissues of the uterus. This surgical must not be performed if pregnancy is desired in the future. Laser beam, freezing, heating, electricity and microwave energy are all successfully used methods for endometrial ablation. Its depends upon a number of factors.
Mylosis is a laparoscopic procedure that involves using an electrical needle to destroy the blood vessels feeding the tumor.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman’s uterus. It remove uterine tumors usually includes the removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes. The surgery depends on how much the reproductive system may be affected by uterine tumors. There are two types of hysterectomy:
- Total Hysterectomy
This type of surgical will remove the uterus and cervix.
- Radical Hysterectomy
Radical Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, cervix, surrounding tissue, upper vagina usually the pelvic lymph nodes. The number of lymph nodes removes depends on the size of tumor.
|UTERINE ARTERY EMBOLIZATION (UAE)|
UAE is a new method to treating uterine tumors, which are benign growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus. It performed by an interventional radiologist trained in the use of X-rays to guide minimally invasive interventions within the arteries. At this time, the radiologist makes a small nick in the skin in the froin and insets a catgeter( a thin tube, the size of a strand of spaghetti, that can be seen with X-rays)into an artery. The catheter is guided to the arteries that bring blood to the uterus, and very small particles are injected through the cateter to block the blood supply to the uterine tumor.